Nestled in the southern region of Thailand lies a hidden gem in the world of coffee: Nakhon Si Thammarat. Pronounced "nah-khawn see tahm-mah-rat," this province is home to a thriving coffee culture with a rich history and unique flavors. Located at an altitude of 800 to 1,300 meters above sea level, the region's coffee stands out with its distinctive fruity and floral notes.
Coffee cultivation in Nakhon Si Thammarat began in the 19th century when local farmers started planting and producing coffee alongside other crops. Over the years, the region's coffee production has grown, with farmers adopting modern techniques and focusing on producing high-quality beans. Today, Nakhon Si Thammarat is not only a significant coffee-producing region in Thailand but also a vital player in the global specialty coffee community.
In Nakhon Si Thammarat, coffee farming and processing methods tend to be a fusion of traditional and modern practices. The majority of coffee farms in the region are small, family-run operations, with coffee plants often intercropped with other food crops such as fruit trees and vegetables. This diverse ecosystem promotes a healthy environment for coffee plants, resulting in high-quality beans.Though specific details about farming and processing methods in Nakhon Si Thammarat may not be widely available, it is common for coffee in Thailand to be processed using the wet or washed method. In this method, the coffee cherries are depulped, and the beans are fermented in water for a specific period. This process helps to remove the mucilage surrounding the beans, resulting in a clean and bright flavor profile. The beans are then dried, either under the sun or in mechanical dryers, before being sorted and packaged for sale.
Coffees from Nakhon Si Thammarat are known for their fruity, floral, and slightly acidic flavor profiles. The region's unique terroir, characterized by its volcanic soil and tropical climate, contributes to the coffee's distinct taste. Common flavor notes found in Nakhon Si Thammarat coffee include citrus, red berries, jasmine, and tropical fruits, with a bright and crisp acidity. The coffee's body is typically medium, with a smooth and silky mouthfeel.
One notable farm in Nakhon Si Thammarat is the Doi Chaang Coffee Plantation. The farm, owned by the Wicha Promyong family, has been producing specialty coffee for over 30 years. The family is committed to environmental sustainability and social responsibility, ensuring fair wages for workers and implementing eco-friendly farming practices. Their coffee has gained international recognition for its exceptional quality and unique flavor profile.The specialty coffee scene in Nakhon Si Thammarat continues to evolve and grow, with local farmers and producers constantly striving for excellence in their craft. As the world becomes more aware of this unique coffee region, it is only a matter of time before Nakhon Si Thammarat becomes synonymous with high-quality, flavorful coffee. So, the next time you're in search of a new coffee experience, consider trying a cup from this fascinating region in southern Thailand.