The Brazil Cerrado do Bahia coffee growing region, pronounced as "Seh-HA-do do Ba-EE-ah," is situated in the northeastern part of Brazil. This area is known for its exquisite coffee production due to its high altitudes, ranging from 900 to 1,200 meters above sea level. Interestingly, the Cerrado do Bahia region is also recognized for its unique biodiversity, which greatly contributes to the distinct flavors found in its coffee.
Cerrado do Bahia's history with coffee dates back to the late 19th century when the first coffee plantations were established in the area. Over time, the region has gained prominence for its coffee production due to the favorable climatic conditions and fertile soil. In recent decades, Cerrado do Bahia has experienced significant growth in its coffee industry, with a surge in the number of farms and the overall volume of coffee produced.
While specific farming and processing methods in Cerrado do Bahia might vary from one farm to another, there are some general practices common to the region. Most farms in the area practice sustainable farming methods, focusing on preserving the unique ecosystem and biodiversity of the Cerrado. This includes water conservation techniques, organic fertilization, and integrated pest management.
In terms of processing, the most common method used in Brazil, including the Cerrado do Bahia region, is the natural or dry processing method. This involves drying the coffee cherries under the sun, with the beans still inside the fruit. Once the cherries have reached the desired moisture level, they are hulled to remove the dried fruit and parchment, leaving behind the green coffee beans. This method is known to impart fruity and sweet flavors to the coffee. Additionally, some farms in the region also practice the pulped natural or honey processing method, which involves removing the outer skin of the cherry before drying. This method results in a coffee that combines the sweetness of the natural process with the acidity and brightness found in washed coffees.
Coffees from the Cerrado do Bahia region are known for their distinct flavor profiles, which can be attributed to the unique terroir and processing methods used in the area. Generally, these coffees are characterized by a medium to full body, with a balanced acidity that ranges from citric to malic. In terms of flavor, Cerrado do Bahia coffees often exhibit notes of chocolate, caramel, and nuts, combined with fruity undertones such as berries or tropical fruits. The finish is typically smooth and lingering, making for a satisfying and enjoyable cup.
While there are no specific well-known farms or farmers to mention from the Cerrado do Bahia region, it is important to acknowledge the collective efforts of the farmers in preserving the unique ecosystem and biodiversity of the area. Their commitment to sustainable farming practices and dedication to producing exceptional coffee has made Cerrado do Bahia a significant player in the specialty coffee industry. As a specialty coffee professional or enthusiast, it is worth exploring the distinctive flavors and profiles that this region has to offer.